Polystrate Fossil References:

 Aitken, J., 1880, “Fossil trees: Manchester Geol. Soc. Trans., v. 15, p. 339-340.

Arber, E.A. Newell, “The Natural History of Coal” Cambridge University Press, 1911, pp. 100-114. 

Aronow, S., 1957, "On the postglacial history of the Devils Lake region, North Dakota, Jour. of Geol., Vol. 65,  pp.
     410-427.

Barrell, J., 1917, "Rhythms and the measurement of geologic time, Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer., Vol. 28,
      pp. 798, 807; See also Atlas to M. Fayol’s memoir, p. 635. Shows pictures of buried trees in sandstone.

Bell, W.A., “Joggins Carboniferous Section of Nova Scotia”, Canada Geological Survey Summary Report; 1912, pp.
     328-333.
Bell, W.A., “Joggins Carboniferous Section, Nova Scotia”, Canada Geological Survey Summary Report; 1913, pp.
     360-371.

Bolsche, W., 1918, Im Steinkohlenwald, Stuttgart, Franckh’sche Verlagshandlung, 16th impr. P. 34.

Broadhurst, F. M., and Magraw, D., “On A Fossil Tree Found In An Opencast Coal Site Near Wigan, Lancashire,”
     Liverpool and Manchester Geological Journal, Vol. 2, 1958-1961, pp. 155-158.

Brongniart, A., 1828, Prodrome d'une histoire des vegetaux fossiles, Paris, F. G. Levrault, pp. 183-184.

Brown, Richard, 1846, Quarterly Jour. Geol. Soc. of London, vol. 2, pp. 393-396.

Brown, Richard, 1848, Quarterly Jour. Geol. Soc. of London, vol. 4, pp. 46-50.

Brown, Richard, 1849, Quarterly Jour. Geol. Soc. of London, vol. 5, pp. 354-360.

Brown, Richard, 1850, Quarterly Jour. Geol. Soc. of London, vol. 6, pp. 115-133.

 

Coffin, Harold G., 1983. Erect floating stumps in Spirit Lake, Washington. Geology, v.11, p.298-299.

Coffin, Harold, G., Origin by Design, 1983, Review and Herald Publishing Assn., Hagerstown, MD, pp. 117-133

 

Cristie, R.L., and McMillan, N.J. (eds.), 1991. Tertiary fossil forests of the Geodetic Hills, Axel Heiberg Island,
     Arctic Archipelago, Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 403, 227pp.

Dawson, Sir John W., 1851, Quarterly Jour. Geol. Soc. of London, vol. 7, pp 194-196.
Dawson, Sir John W., 1853, Quarterly Jour. Geol. Soc. of London, vol. 9, p. 58.
Dawson, Sir John W., 1854, Quarterly Jour. Geol. Soc. of London, vol. 10, pp. 1-41.
Dawson, Sir John W., 1855, Quarterly Jour. Geol. Soc. of London, vol. 11, pp. 116-188.
Dawson, Sir John W., 1859, Quarterly Jour. Geol. Soc. of London, vol. 15, pp. 62-76.
Dawson, Sir John W., 1861, Quarterly Jour. Geol. Soc. of London, vol. 17, pp. 522-524.
Dawson, Sir John W., 1861, Canadian Naturalist, Vol. 7, pp. 106-111.
Dawson, Sir John W., 1862, Quarterly Jour. Geol. Soc. of London, vol. 18, pp. 5-7.
Dawson, Sir John W., 1866, Quarterly Jour. Geol. Soc. of London, vol. 22, pp. 95-169.
Dawson, Sir John W., 1868, “Acadian Geology,” 2nd ed. Macmillan & Co., London, pp. 150-212.
Dawson, Sir John W., 1873, Amer. Jour. Sci., Vol. 3, pp. 16-24.
Dawson, Sir John W., 1882, Royal Society of London, Phil. Trans., Vol. 173, Part 2, pp. 1-659.
Dawson, Sir John W., 1894, Note on the genus Naiadites, as occurring in the coal formations of Nova Scotia,
     Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. of London, vol. 50, pp. 435-442.
Dawson, Sir John W., 1894, Can. Rec. Sci., pp. 71-88.
Dawson, Sir John W., 1895, Can. Roy. Soc., Proc. and Trans., pp. 71-88.
Dawson, Sir John W., 1897, Can. Rec. Sci., pp. 316-323.
Dawson, Sir John W., 1898, Can. Rec. Sci., p. 396.
Dawson, Sir John W., 1898, Can. Roy. Soc., Proc. and Trans., pp. 58-78.

De la Beche, “Geol. Observer,’ p. 485-505.

Diessel, Claus, F.K., 1992, Coal-Bearing Depositional Systems, Springer-Verlag, , pp. 390-393.

 

Duff, P. McL. D., and Walton, E. K., 1973, Carboniferous Sediments at Joggins, Nova Scotia; Seventh Int. Congress
     of Carboniferous Stratigraphy Stratigraphy and Geology; Vol. 2, pp. 365-379.

Dunbar, Carl O., Geology, 2nd Ed., 1960, New York, Wiley & Sons, pp. 227-228.


Fairholme, G., 1837, New and Conclusive Physical Demonstrations, Both of the Fact and Period of the Mozaic
     Deluge..., pp. 392-4.

Geikie, Sir Archibald, F.R.S., “Text-book of Geology,”  by Vol. 1, 1903, pp 653-656.

Gibling, M. R., 1987; A Classic Carboniferous Section: Joggins, Nova Scotia, Geol. Soc. of Amer. Centennial Field
     Guide, Northeastern Section, 5(88), pp. 409-414.

Grabau, A. W., 1921, pp. 504, 665.
Grabau, A. W., 1924, p. 516.
Grabau, Amadeus W., 1960, Principles of Stratigraphy, Vol. 1, pp. 515-517.

Grand'Eury, M. C., 1890, Geologie et paleontologie du bassin houiller du Gard, Saint-Etienne, Theolier, p. 244.


Happ, 1945, American Journal of Science, Vol. 243,  pp. 114-126. 

 

Helder, Margaret, Ph.D., “At Joggins: Look What The Sea Uncovered,” Creation Science Dialogue, Vol. 19, No. 3,
     10/19/ 92; pp. 4-5, Available from the Creation Science Association of Alberta, #194, 3803 Calgary Trail S.,
     Suite 1136, Edmonton, Alberta T6J 5M8;

 

Hildreth, S. P., Amer. Jour. of Science, Vol. XXIX, pp. 22, 37, 73, 76, 107.

Holt, Edward L., 1947, Jounal of Geology, v. 55, pp. 511-513.


Holmes, W. H., 1879-?, 1882-?, Bull. U.S. Geol. and Geog. Survey Terr. (Hayden)  Vol. 5, pp. 125-132

Jones, R. C. B., Tonks, and Wright, 1938, Wigan District: Great Britain Geol. Survey Mem., p. 244.

Johnston,  1921, Geol. Survey of Canada Mem.,   p. 38

Kindle, Edward M., 1895, Indiana Dept. Geol. Nat. Hist. 20th Ann. Rept., pp. 349-353.

Klusemann, H. and Teichmuller, R., 1954: "Begrabene Walder im Ruhrkohlenbecken," Natur u. Volk, 84: 373-382.

Lahee, 1941,  "Field Geology,"  McGraw-Hill Book Co., p. 96.

Lesquereux L., 1858, Geology of Pennsylvania, Vol. II, p. 840.

Lyell, Sir Charles, 1843, American Jour. of Science, pp. 350-360.
Lyell, Sir Charles, 1843, On the upright fossil trees found at different levels in the coal strata of Cumberland,
     Nova Scotia Proc. of the Geological Society of London, Vol. 4, pp. 176-178 and 353-356.
Lyell, Sir Charles, 1845, Travels in North America, pp. 148-187.
Lyell and Dawson, 1853, Quarterly Jour. Geol. Soc. of London, vol. 9, pp. 58-63.
Lyell, Sir Charles, 1855 “Travels in N. America, Canada, and Nova Scotia, w/Geological Observations,” 2 Vols.
     2nd Ed.
Lyell, Sir Charles, 1881, Life of Sir Charles Lyell, Vol. II, pp. 61-74.

Morris, John D., Ph.D.,   “The Young Earth” pp. 100-103; 
Morris has also written an article on the polystate fossils of Joggins, Nova Scotia.

Nelson, B.C., 1931, The Deluge Story in Stone, Minneapolis, Augsburg, 1962, 16th impr. p. 111.

Pettijohn, F.J., and Potter, P.E., 1964, Atlas and Glossary of Primary Sedimentary Structures, Berlin, Springer, pp. ?

Platt, F., 1874, Sec. Geol. Surv. Penn., Rep. H, p. 23.

Potonie, H., 1910, Die Entstehung der Steinkohle und der Kaustobiolithe uberhaupt, Berlin, Borntraeger, 5th Ed. p. 120.

Price, G. McGready, 1923, The New Geology, Mountain View, Pacific Press, p. 462.

Rupke, N.A.,  1966, “Prolegomena to a Study of Cataclysmic Sedimentation,” Creation Research Society Quarterly.,
     V
ol. 3, pp.16-37.

 
Schrock, Robert R, “Sequence In Layered Rocks”, 1948, pp. 293-297; 

Schuchert, Ch., 1924, A Text-book of Geology, Part II, Historical Geology, New York, Wiley, 2nd Ed. p. 401.

Sherwood, A., 1878,  Sec. Geol. Surv. Penn., Rep. G, pp. 21, 38-40.

Steen, Margaret C., 1934, The amphibian fauna from South Joggins, Nova Scotia, Zoological Soc. of London, Proc.,
     Part 3, pp. 465-504.

Sternberg, C.M., 1933, Carboniferous tracks from Nova Scotia, Geol. Soc. of Amer. Bulletin 44, pp. 951-964, pls. 35-37.
Sternberg, C.M., 1941, Carboniferous dipnoans from Nova Scotia, American Jour. Of Science, V. 239. pp. 836-838.
Sternberg, C.M., 1963, National Museum of Canada, Special Paper No. 22, pp. 1-13.
Sternberg, C.M., 1966, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, Vol. 177, pp. 63-97.
Sternberg, C.M., 1967, Science, V. 158, pp. 56-59.

Stevenson, John J., 1911, “The Formation of Coal Beds”, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society,
     Vol. L, No. 202, pp. 519-643.
Stevenson, John J., 1912, “The Formation of Coal Beds”, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society,
     Vol. LI, No. 207, pp.    469-470.
Stevenson, John J., 1916, “Interrelations of the Fossil Fuels”, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 
     Vol. LV, No. 207, pp. 46-58.

Stutzer and Noe, The Geology of Coal, 1940, pp. 88-151, 167-168, 214.

Taylor, Paul S. ,“The Illustrated Origins Answer Book,”, 4th Ed., pp. 45-47, 111; 

Taylor, W.E., 1857, Voices from the Rocks, p. ?

Teichmuller, Rolf, 1956, Geol. Jahrb., v. 71, pp. 197-217.

Thwaites, F. T., "Outlines of Glacial Geology," Edwards Bros. Inc., Ann Arbor, Mich., pp. 83-84.

Tonks, L. H., and others, 1931, “The geology of Manchester and the southeast Lancashire Coalfield: Great Britain
     Geol. Survey Mem., p.240.

Twenhofel, William H., 1932,  “Treatise on Sedimentation,”  pp. 355-357.
Twenhofel, William H., 1939, “Principles of  Sedimentation,” pp. 218-223.

Ward, L. F., 1896, U.S. Geol. Survey Annual Report, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 488-495.

Wild, G., 1884, Manchester Geol. Soc. Trans., v. 17, pp. 215-224.

Witham, Henry, “A Description of a Fossil Tree discovered in the Quarry of Craigleith, near Edinburgh…” Roy. Soc.
     Trans. Vol. XII, 1831, pp.147-152.

White, I. C., 1878, Sec. Geol. Surv. Penn., Rep. Q, p. 203.
White, I. C., 1879, Sec. Geol. Surv. Penn., Rep. Q2, p. 137.
White, I. C., 1881, U.S. Geog. Surv. W. of 100th Mer., Vol. III, Supp., p. 196.

Zodrow, E. L., and McCandlish, K., 1980, Upper Carboniferous Fossil Flora of Nova Scotia, The Nova Scotia Museum,
     Halifax.

See also http://museum.ednet.ns.ca/fossils/sites/joggins/joggins3.htm  

 

Note:  Not all of these references deal with "Polystrate" fossils; some of them deal with the fossil-bearing strata of Coal
and/or the fossils found at Joggins, Nova Scotia and other "Carboniferous" strata. This is by no means a complete list.